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Temporal Changes in Fishing Strategies at Nu‘alolo Kai

Temporal Changes in Fishing Strategies at Nu‘alolo Kai

(p.31) Chapter 4 Temporal Changes in Fishing Strategies at Nu‘alolo Kai
Abundance and Resilience
Owen L. O’Leary
University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines temporal changes in fishing strategies at Nuʻalolo Kai. A 2005 study that examined the fish remains from the 1958–1964 archaeological excavations revealed that fishing strategies at Nuʻalolo Kai changed over the centuries. In the earliest centuries, fishing focused on the collection of Labridae (wrasses) and Scaridae (parrotfish), which typically reside in the reef areas of the coast and are collected with spears and nets. In later centuries, the Carangidae (jacks) increased in abundance, suggesting that fishing with hooks in deeper water had become more common. This chapter first considers the marine ecology at Nuʻalolo Kai before discussing the results of E. Gordon's detailed analysis of fish faunal remains from Nuʻalolo Kai. It also explores fishhooks as indicators of fishing trends, changes in fish size, and the implications of findings at Nuʻalolo Kai for modern fishing and conservation.

Keywords:   fishing, Nuʻalolo Kai, archaeological excavations, Labridae, Carangidae, marine ecology, fish, conservation

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