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Avifauna from Nu‘alolo Kai

Avifauna from Nu‘alolo Kai

Chapter:
(p.75) Chapter 6 Avifauna from Nu‘alolo Kai
Source:
Abundance and Resilience
Author(s):
Kelley S. Esh
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824839895.003.0006

This chapter examines the avifaunal assemblage from archaeological excavations at Nuʻalolo Kai. The use of evolutionary ecological models to archaeological data (that is, animal bone) is a well-established method for understanding change over time, human interaction with the environment, and the process of resource depression and intensification in prehistory. While a variety of studies utilizing evolutionary ecology have focused on Pacific ichthyofauna, very few have focused on avifauna. This chapter first provides a description of the avifaunal assemblage from Nuʻalolo Kai before analyzing the bird species identified from the assemblage, including brown noddy, black-crowned night heron, and wedge-tailed shearwater. It also considers both human and nonhuman modification of bird bone, various hunting methods that were recorded ethnographically for catching seabirds, temporal changes in resource utilization of seabirds and in seabird exploitation, and temporal change in bird bone tools. The chapter concludes with a discussion of modified vs. unmodified bird bone.

Keywords:   avifauna, archaeological excavations, Nuʻalolo Kai, avifaunal assemblage, bird bone, bird species, modification, hunting, seabird, resource utilization

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