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Introduced and Native Mammals from Nu‘alolo Kai

Introduced and Native Mammals from Nu‘alolo Kai

(p.107) Chapter 7 Introduced and Native Mammals from Nu‘alolo Kai
Abundance and Resilience
Julie S. FieldStephanie Jolivette
University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter focuses on the remains of a wide variety of introduced and native species of mammals that were consumed as food items at Nuʻalolo Kai. A total of 2,063 bones from dogs, goats, cats, pigs, rats, mice, cetaceans, and seals were recovered during the 1958–1964 Bishop Museum archaeological excavations. A smaller collection of dog, rat, and pig remains was recovered from the University of Hawaiʻi-Mānoa's 1990 excavations. This chapter first discusses the introduction of dogs, pigs, cats, goats, Polynesian rats, black rats, and Norway rats to Hawaiʻi as part of human colonization of the islands. It then considers mammals that are native to Hawaiʻi, along with artifacts made from mammal bone and the relative importance of domesticated animals at Nuʻalolo Kai. It also compares mammal tool distribution with unmodified remains and concludes with an analysis of the frequency of mammal remains that could be identified to genus and species.

Keywords:   mammal, food, Nuʻalolo Kai, archaeological excavations, dog, rat, pig, artifacts, mammal bone, mammal remains

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